Management 101: Navigating the Landscape for Results

Management: Navigating the Organizational Landscape

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Table of Contents

  • Etymology
  • Definitions
  • Theoretical Scope
  • Levels
  • Top Mgmt
  • Middle Mgmt
  • Line Mgmt
  • Training and Education
  • Good Practices
  • Evidence-Based Mgmt
  • History


Management, derived from the French verb “mesnager,” finds its roots in the fifteenth century, signifying the act of holding the reins of a horse. The Italian term “maneggiare” and the Spanish “manejar” both echo this theme, linking managers’ control and direction of various elements.


Views on management’s definition vary, with Henri Fayol emphasizing forecasting, planning, organizing, commanding, coordinating, and controlling. Fredmund Malik sees it as the transformation of resources into utility, while Ghislain Deslandes views it as a vulnerable force with the power of constraint, imitation, and imagination.

Theoretical Scope

Management involves identifying the mission, objectives, and procedures to guide human capital effectively. Mary Parker Follett defines it as “the art of getting things done through people,” emphasizing a philosophy that extends beyond the confines of an enterprise.

management meeting


Top Management

The senior layer, comprising the board of directors, president, CEO, and C-level executives, sets the organization’s tone, develops strategic plans, and mobilizes external resources. They play a crucial role in decision-making and shaping the overall direction.

Middle Management

Consisting of general managers, branch managers, and department managers, this level executes organizational plans, communicates top-level policies, and inspires lower-level managers for improved performance.

Line Management

Supervisors, section leaders, and team leaders from the line manager are responsible for controlling regular employees, guiding day-to-day activities, and ensuring production or service quality.

Training and Education

Colleges and universities worldwide offer various degrees, including Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA), Bachelor of Commerce (B.Com.), and Master of Business Administration (MBA). The educational landscape also encompasses specialized degrees in areas like public administration and health administration.

Good Practices

Embracing diversity, encouraging equality, and fostering a rising service industry mark contemporary management trends. Managers are advised to engage in “Short-Term Wins,” achieving visible success, and maintaining a work-life balance.

Evidence-Based Management

An emerging movement, evidence-based management, emphasizes informed decision-making backed by the best available evidence from peer-reviewed research, contextual management practice, and the preferences of those affected.


While some see management as a late-modern conceptualization, others trace its roots back to ancient Sumerian traders and builders of ancient Egypt’s pyramids. The field evolved with innovations like Arabic numerals and double-entry bookkeeping.

In conclusion, management, rooted in historical practices and evolving theories, remains a dynamic force shaping the modern organizational landscape.

Additional information
Explore the diverse facets, from its historical origins to contemporary trends. Understand its levels, theories, and educational landscape, embracing evidence-based practices for effective organizational navigation.

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